Table of Contents
What was the Derg in Ethiopia?
‘committee’ or ‘council’; Oromo: Dergii), officially the Provisional Military Administrative Council (PMAC), was the military junta that ruled present-day Ethiopia and Eritrea from 1974 to 1987, when the military leadership formally ‘civilianized’ the administration but stayed in power until 1991.
Did Franco restore the monarchy?
Franco died in 1975 at the age of 82. He restored the monarchy before his death and made his successor King Juan Carlos I, who would lead the Spanish transition to democracy.
Why did no one conquered Ethiopia?
Ethiopia and Liberia are widely believed to be the only two African countries to have never been colonized. Their location, economic viability, and unity helped Ethiopia and Liberia avoid colonization. During its brief military occupation during World War II, Italy never established colonial control over Ethiopia.
What caused the decline of Ethiopia?
The underlying cause of its decline is the shift of power southward. After the Persians ended Ethiopian involvement in southern Arabia and the Islams replaced the Aksumites in the Red Sea, Amda Tseyon’s and Zara Yakob’s campaigns into southern lands proved to be permenent settlements.
When was the Ethiopian monarchy overthrown?
Selassie may have been more popular abroad than he was in Ethiopia. Under his leadership, Ethiopians endured famine and war, most notably over the region of Eritrea, which achieved independence in 1993. Selassie was overthrown by military leaders in 1974.
Who overthrew the Derg?
1990s. In May 1991, Mengistu’s government was finally overthrown by its own officials and a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), after their bid for a push on the capital Addis Ababa became successful.
Why did they invade Ethiopia?
The aim of invading Ethiopia was to boost Italian national prestige, which was wounded by Ethiopia’s defeat of Italian forces at the Battle of Adowa in the nineteenth century (1896), which saved Ethiopia from Italian colonisation. This was used as a rationale to invade Abyssinia.