How Alexander the Great conquered the world?

How Alexander the Great conquered the world?

After three grueling years of warfare and three decisive battles, Alexander smashed the Persian armies at the Tigris River and conquered the mighty Persian Empire, including the legendary city of Babylon. Alexander was an amazing soldier who led his army to conquer much of the known world.

Who was the king of Macedonia when they conquered Greece?

Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born 382 bce—died 336, Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (359–336 bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by 339 had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son …

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Why did Alexander the great retreat from the Macedonian campaign in India?

His army, exhausted, homesick, and anxious by the prospects of having to further face large Indian armies throughout the Indo-Gangetic Plain, mutinied at the Hyphasis (modern Beas River) and refused to march further east.

Why did the Persian Empire fall?

Fall of the Persian Empire The Persian Empire entered a period of decline after a failed invasion of Greece by Xerxes I in 480 BC. The costly defense of Persia’s lands depleted the empire’s funds, leading to heavier taxation among Persia’s subjects.

What did Alexander do after he conquered Egypt?

After conquering Egypt, Alexander faced Darius and his massive troops at Gaugamela in October 331 B.C. Following fierce fighting and heavy losses on both sides, Darius fled and was assassinated by his own troops. It’s said Alexander was sad when he found Darius’s body and he gave him a royal burial.

Why did Alexander want to conquer India?

Curiosity, love of adventure and passion for conquest inspired Alexander to march to India. An embassy from the king of had sought Alexander’s help against the neighboring king Porus. Alexander became aware of internal rivalry among the Indian rulers.

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Who was the ruler when Alexander invaded India?

Nandas- When Alexander invaded India the dynasty which was ruling over India was the Nanda dynasty which was the last dynasty of the Magadha Empire. The reign of the Nandas were 467 BC to 312 BC , hence this is the correct option.