What is the power of Supreme Court of India?

What is the power of Supreme Court of India?

Supreme Court at the apex of the Indian Judiciary is the highest authority to uphold the Constitution of India, to protect the rights and liberties of the citizens, and to uphold the values of rule of law. Hence, it is known as the Guardian of our Constitution.

What is the power of the Supreme Court known as?

judicial review
The best-known power of the Supreme Court is judicial review, or the ability of the Court to declare a Legislative or Executive act in violation of the Constitution, is not found within the text of the Constitution itself.

How would you describe the Supreme Court?

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The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. It acts as the final authority of the judicial branch of government. As a court, the Supreme Court rules on cases following trials. For the most part, the Supreme Court only hears appeals from lower federal courts.

What are the powers of Supreme Court and High court?

They have the power to declare any law or ordinance unconstitutional if it is found to be against the Indian Constitution. A High Court alone can certify the cases fit for appeal before the Supreme Court.

What are the functions of the Supreme Court?

The Supreme Court hears cases under its original and appellate jurisdictions. It is guardian of the Constitution and protector of fundamental rights. It acts as a Court of Record and can punish for its contempt.

What powers do the powerful Supreme Court justices have?

The Power of the Courts The federal courts’ most important power is that of judicial review, the authority to interpret the Constitution. When federal judges rule that laws or government actions violate the spirit of the Constitution, they profoundly shape public policy.

What are the powers and functions of Supreme Court of India under Indian constitution?

The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial court under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of judicial review. Consisting of the Chief Justice of India and a maximum of 34 judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.

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What are the powers and jurisdiction of Supreme Court of India?

The Supreme Court has been conferred with power to direct transfer of any civil or criminal case from one State High Court to another State High Court or from a Court subordinate to another State High Court.

How many judges are there in Supreme Court of India?

There are currently 33 judges (including the Chief Justice of India) and maximum possible strength is 34. As per the Constitution of India, judges of the Supreme Court retire at age of 65.

What is the role of Supreme Court in India?

The Supreme Court is the Apex court of India. The judges of Supreme court are appointed by the President in consultation with such other judges of the supreme court and high court. The Supreme Court is primarily a court of appeal though it hears cases in the original jurisdiction. It is the last resort in case of appeals.

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What is the structure of the judicial system in India?

India is a federal State having a single and unified judicial system with a three-tier structure, i.e., Supreme Court, High Courts and Subordinate Courts. The Indian Constitution under Article 124 (1) states that there shall be a Supreme Court of India consisting of a Chief justice of India (CJI) and 34 judges, including the CJI.

What are the powers of the Supreme Court?

I) As per article 131 of the Constitution, the SC functions as original jurisdiction over matters where the disputes are either between the Central government and the state government or between two or more state governments. II) As per article 139 of the Constitution, the SC have the power to issue writs, order, or direction.

What is the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India?

B) Appellate Jurisdiction: As per article 132, 133, 134 of the Constitution, the SC has appellate jurisdiction in matters that are related to civil, criminal, or Constitution. Also, as per article 136, the SC has the power to issue special leave that is being by any tribunal courts in India but this does not apply to Army courts.