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Why are the highest peaks of Himalayas always covered with snow?
As you go above sea level or increase altitude or elevate, the temperature starts decreasing. Altitudes above 4000 meters are very cold and it snows more than rain. Thus more snow and low temperatures make sure the himalya stays snow covered.
Are the Alps higher than the Himalayas?
The Himalayas is one of the youngest mountain ranges in the world. The Alps is a vast mountain system in south central Europe. The Andes are the second highest Mountain Range in the world with many peaks rising over 20,000 feet. The Andes Mountains are the longest mountain range in the world.
Why are the Himalayan peaks said to be snow clad?
The name Himalaya means “abode of snow” in Sanskrit. The moisture for snowfall in this part of the range is delivered primarily by the summer monsoon. The mountains form a natural barrier that blocks monsoonal moisture from reaching the Tibetan Plateau to the north.
How snow is formed in Himalayas?
During winter, low-pressure weather systems advance into the Himalayas from the west and cause heavy snowfall. Within the regions where western disturbances are felt, condensation occurs in upper air levels, and, as a result, precipitation is much greater over the high mountains.
Why is there snow on high mountains?
As you climb a mountain to a higher altitude (height), the atmosphere gets thinner and thinner. This is because air pressure decreases with altitude. Even though warm air rises, as it does so the rising air expands and cools. More moisture means more rain and, at the very top of a mountain, more snow.
Which is the highest mountain peak in the world?
Mount Everest, located in Nepal and Tibet, is usually said to be the highest mountain on Earth. Reaching 29,029 feet at its summit, Everest is indeed the highest point above global mean sea level—the average level for the ocean surface from which elevations are measured.
What is India’s highest mountain peak?
28,200 feet (8,600 metres) at Kanchenjunga, India’s highest peak and the world’s third highest mountain….…
Where are mainly snow covered peak found in Himalayas?
Answer: Shivalik hills composed of thick gravel and alluvium. Greater himalayas or Himadri are mainly snow covered peaks found in the Himalayas. The Himalayan ranges run in the West-east direction in the form of an arch about 2,400kms.
How high up does snow form?
The interplay of altitude and latitude affects the precise placement of the snow line at a particular location. At or near the equator, it is typically situated at approximately 4,500 metres (15,000 ft) above sea level.
Why is there snow in the Himalayas?
The name Himalaya means “abode of snow” in Sanskrit. On November 20, 2015, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured this image of fresh snow along the Himalayan range in central Asia. The moisture for snowfall in this part of the range is delivered primarily by the summer monsoon.
How high are the mountains in the Himalayas?
It shows one of the main ranges of the Himalayas, where peaks cast strong evening shadows on the snow. The mountains in this image reach great altitudes (5,200 meters or 17,000 feet); the peaks just beyond the upper edge of the image reach high enough (6,500 meters or 21,325 feet) to host glaciers.
What is the weather like in Himachal Pradesh?
Himachal Pradesh : The state of Himachal Pradesh is a land of climatic extremes the region on the south slopes of the Himalayas bears the brunt of the monsoon and is wettest from July to early September. Heavy snow falls by the end of November and high elevation treks are impossible until late March when the snows melt.
What is the average annual rainfall on the south slopes of Himalayas?
The average annual rainfall on the south slopes varies between 60 inches (1,530 mm) at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, and Mussoorie, Uttarakhand, in the western Himalayas and 120 inches (3,050 mm) at Darjiling, West Bengal state, in the eastern Himalayas. North of the Great Himalayas, at places such as Skardu, Gilgit,…